Anthony Burgess

Bibliography and references

Anthony Burgess had an immense literary and musical output. Listed in the sections below are all of his published works, and some of the works of other writers whom he edited. Uncollected and unpublished writings are not listed; nor are all the introductions and prefaces he contributed to other writers’ works.

in this section

A Clockwork Orange: Bibliography:

Primary Texts by Anthony Burgess:

A Clockwork Orange (London: William Heinemann, 1962)

A Clockwork Orange (New York: Norton, 1963). This publication omits the final redemptive chapter from the Heinemann edition.

A Clockwork Orange: A Play With Music (London: Hutchinson, 1987)

A Clockwork Orange: The Norton Critical Edition, ed. Mark Rawlinson (New York: Norton, 2011)

A Clockwork Orange: The Restored Edition, ed. Andrew Biswell (London: William Heinemann, 2012)

A Clockwork Orange: The Restored Edition, ed. Andrew Biswell (London: Penguin, 2013)

Articles By Anthony Burgess on A Clockwork Orange:

‘Author Has His Say on Clockwork Film’, Los Angeles Times, 13 February 1972, pp 18-19.

‘Burgess on Kubrick and Clockwork’, Library Journal, 1 May 1973, p. 1506.

‘The Clockwork Condition’, New Yorker, 4 June 2012, pp

‘Clockwork Marmalade’, Listener, 17 February 1972, pp. 197-9

‘Juice from a Clockwork Orange’, Rolling Stone, 8 June 1972, pp. 52-3

‘Programme Note for A Clockwork Orange 2004’, Royal Shakespeare Company, 1990.

‘Stop the Clock on Violence’, Observer, 21 March 1993, p. 25

Interviews with Anthony Burgess:

Carol Dix, ‘The Mugging Machine’, Guardian, 1 January 1972, p. 8.

Books About A Clockwork Orange:

Emmanuel Vernadakis and Graham Woodroffe (eds.), Portraits of the Artist in A Clockwork Orange (Angers: Presses de l’Université d’Angers, 2003)


Book Sections on A Clockwork Orange:

Andrew Biswell, ‘Tolchocking and Sheer Vandalism’ in The Real Life of Anthony Burgess (London: Picador, 2005), pp. 236-62

Christine Lee Gengaro, ‘”Using Ludwig van Like That”: The Shift of Autobiographical Presence and Perspective in the Novel and Stage Versions of A Clockwork Orange’ in Anthony Burgess, Autobiographer, ed. Graham Woodroffe (Angers: Presses de l’Université d’Angers, 2006)

Peter Hughes Jachimiak, ‘”Putting the boot in”: A Clockwork Orange, post-’69 youth culture and the onset of late modernity’ in Anthony Burgess and Modernity, ed. Alan R. Roughley (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008)

Esther Petrix, ‘Linguistics, Mechanics, and Metaphysics: Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’ in Critical Essays on Anthony Burgess, ed. Geoffrey Aggeler (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1986). Also in Anthony Burgess, ed. Harold Bloom (New York: Chelsea House, 1987)

Paul Phillips, ‘Nasty Little Shockers’, ‘Kubrick and the Sinny Veck’ and ‘Alex in Eden’ in A Clockwork Counterpoint: The Music and Literature of Anthony Burgess (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2010).

Philip E. Ray, ‘Alex Before and After: A New Approach to Burgess’ A Clockwork Orange’ in Critical Essays on Anthony Burgess, ed. Geoffrey Aggeler (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1986)

Carla Sassi, ‘Lost in Babel: the search for the perfect language in Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’ in Anthony Burgess and Modernity, ed. Alan R. Roughley (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008)

Beryl Schlossman, ‘Burgess/Kubrick/A Clockwork Orange (twenty-to-one)’ in Anthony Burgess and Modernity, ed. Alan R. Roughley (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2008)

Berthold Schoene-Harwood, ‘The Height of Fashion: Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’ in Writing Men: Literary Masculinities from Frankenstein to the New Man (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000)


Reviews and Articles on A Clockwork Orange:

Kingsley Amis, ‘A Clockwork Orange Review’, Observer, 13 May 1962 (Link to edited version)

Martin Amis, ‘The Shock of the New: A Clockwork Orange at 50’, New York Times, 31 August 2012, p. 27 

Anna Baddeley, ‘A Clockwork Orange will Scare You All Over Again’, Observer, 30 September 2012

Bernard Bergonzi, ‘Funny Book’, New York Review of Books, 20 May 1965, p. 16.

Malcolm Bradbury, ‘New Novels’, Punch, 16 May 1962

Elizabeth Brophy, ‘A Clockwork Orange: English and Nadsat’, Notes on Contemporary Literature, 2.2 (March 1972), pp. 4-6

Julie Carson, ‘Pronominalization in A Clockwork Orange’, Papers on Language and Literature, 12 (1976), pp. 200-05

Wayne C. Connelly, ‘Optimism in Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’, Extrapolation: A Journal of Science Fiction and Fantasy, 14.1 (December 1972)

Roger Craik, ‘”Bog or God” in A Clockwork Orange’, ANQ, 16.4 (Fall 2003)

Roger Craik, ‘Some Unheard Melodies in A Clockwork Orange’, Notes on Contemporary Literature, 38.4 (September 2008)

Todd F. Davis and Kenneth Womack, ‘”O My Brothers”: Reading the Anti-Ethics of the Pseudo Family in Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’, College Literature, 29.2 (Spring 2002)

Granville Hicks, ‘Fertile World of Anthony Burgess’, Saturday Review, 15 July 1967, p. 28.

Liu Hong, ‘The Perplexing Choice in Existence Predicament: An Existential Interpretation of Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’, Studies in Literature and Language, 1.8 (31 December 2010)

J.F. Moran, ‘Review of A Clockwork Orange’, Library Journal, 15 February 1963, p. 793.

Ben Myers, ‘Happy Birthday, A Clockwork Orange’, Guardian, 14 May 2012

Christopher Ricks, ‘Horror Show’, New York Review of Books, 6 April 1972

Lucian Robinson, ‘A Clockwork Orange — 50th Anniversary Edition — Review’, Observer, 14 October 2012

Charles Sumner, ‘Humanist Drama in A Clockwork Orange’, The Yearbook of English Studies, 42 (2012)

Daniel Talbot, ‘Review of A Clockwork Orange’, New York Herald-Tribune, 14 April 1963, p. 7.

Robert Taubman, ‘Djunaesque’, New Statesman, 18 May 1962, pp. 717-18

Raymond Walters Jr., ‘Say it with Paperbacks’, New York Times Book Review, 4 December 1966, p. 60


Books on Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange:

Alison Castle (ed.), The Stanley Kubrick Archives (Cologne: Taschen, 2005)

Peter Krämer, A Clockwork Orange (London: Palgrave, 2011)

Stanley Kubrick, Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange, (New York: Ballantine 1972)

Reviews and Articles on Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange:

Joseph Aisenburg, ‘Counter Clockwise, or Lay Quiet Awhile with Ed and Id Molotov: Re-examining the Crossed Wires in Kubrick’s and Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’, Bright Lights Film Journal, 61 (2008) 

Bill Allen, ‘A Clockwork Orange — Fascinatingly Tart or Merely Putrid?’, Pittsburgh Press, 20 March 1972

Charles Barr, ‘Straw Dogs, A Clockwork Orange and the Critics’, Screen 13.2 (Summer 1972)

Don Daniels, ‘A Clockwork Orange’, Sight and Sound, (Winter 1972/73), pp. 44-6.

Maurice Edelman, ‘Clockwork Oranges are Ticking Bombs’, Evening News, 27 January 1972

Jens Eder, ‘Feelings in Conflict: A Clockwork Orange and the Explanation of Audiovisual Emotions’, Projections, 2.2 (Winter 2008), pp. 66-84.

Walter Evans, ‘Violence and Film: The Thesis of Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange’, The Velvet Light Trap, 13 (Fall 1974), pp 11-12.

Joseph Gelmis, ‘Kubrick Tells Why of Clockwork Film’, Courier Journal and Times, 8 October 1972, p. H2.

Basil Gilbert, ‘Kubrick’s Marmalade: The Art of Violence’, Meanjin Quarterly (Winter 1974), pp. 157-62.

Arthur Gumenik, ‘A Clockwork Orange: Novel into Film’, Film Heritage, 7.4 (Summer 1972), pp. 7-18.

David Lewin, ‘Sex, Ultra Violence, Beethoven and Stanley Kubrick’, CinemaTV Today, 15 January 1972, p. 8.

David Lister, ‘Clockwork Orange Returns to British Screens’, Independent, 2 December 1999, p. 1.

Derek Malcolm, ‘Magic Roundabout’, Guardian, 13 January 1972 

Paul McCann, ‘Why Kubrick Lifted His Clockwork Orange Ban’, The Times, 7 December 1999, p. 9.

Leo Mishkin, ‘Review of A Clockwork Orange’, Morning Telegraph, 20 December 1971, p. 3.

Kenneth Moskowitz, ‘Clockwork Violence’, Sight and Sound, Winter 1976/77, pp. 22-4.

A.D. Murphy, ‘Review of A Clockwork Orange’, Variety, 15 December 1971, p. 14.

Tom O’Sullivan, ‘Going Like Clockwork’, Screen International, 24 March 2000

Julian Petley, ‘Clockwork Crimes: Chronicle of Cause Célèbre’, Index on Censorship, 24.6 (1995), pp. 48-52.

Rex Reed, ‘Review of A Clockwork Orange’, New York Sunday News, 26 December 1971, p. 9.

Tim Robey, ‘The Look That Shook the Nation’, Telegraph, 27 December 2011

Peter Roleston, ‘The Orange is Certainly a Tangy Fruit’, Hereford Evening News, 20 February 1973

Andrew Sarris, ‘Review of A Clockwork Orange’, Village Voice, 30 December 1971, p. 49.

Philip Strick, ‘Kubrick’s Horrorshow’, Sight and Sound, Winter 1971/72, pp. 45-6.

Alexander Walker, ‘A Bit of the Old Ultra-violence’, Evening Standard, 13 January 1972

Beverly Walker, ‘From Novel to Film: Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange’, Women and Film, 2 (1972), pp. 4-10.

Bernard Weintraub, ‘Kubrick Tells What Makes Clockwork Orange Tick’, New York Times, 4 January 1972

Reviews and Articles on Stage Performances:

Emma Andrews, ‘Shocking Play Leaves You With a Disturbing Insight Into Yourself’, Evening Chronicle, 9 September 1998

Gordon Barr, ‘Winding Up Audiences for Second Time’, Evening Chronicle, 26 August 1998

Helen Brandham, ‘Disturbingly Good Show’, Northern Echo, 11 September 1998

Julie Cush, ‘Banned Film to Make Theatre Debut’, Evening Chronicle, 13 August 1998

Mark Fisher, ‘A Clockwork Orange — Review’, Guardian, 20 October 2010

Lyn Gardner, ‘A Clockwork Orange — Review’, Guardian, 14 September 2011

Lyn Gardner, ‘A Clockwork Orange — Review’, Guardian, 22 November 2012 

Lyn Gardner, ‘Theatre: A Clockwork Orange’, Guardian, 29 August 1998

Robert Gore-Langton, ‘Tale of Sex and Droogs’, Telegraph, 26 May 1995

William Hutchings, ‘”What’s It Going to Be Then, Eh?”: The Stage Odyssey of Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange’, Modern Drama, 34.1 (March 1991)

David Isaacs, ‘A Clockwork Orange’, Northern Review, July/August 1995

Jeremy Kingston, ‘Ode to Thuggery Retains Shock Value’, The Times, 10 September 1998

Elizabeth Mahoney, ‘A Clockwork Orange — Review’, Guardian, 26 October 2011 

Keith Pattison, ‘Theatre: A Clockwork Orange’, The Times, 29 August 1998

Steve Pratt, ‘Guts and Stamina’, Northern Echo, 26 May 1995

Bernice Saltzer, ‘Violence Goes Like Clockwork’, Hartlepool Mail, 29 August 1998

Robin Thornber, ‘A Clockwork Orange’, Guardian, 29 May 1995

David Whetstone, ‘Be Warned: It is Disturbing’, The Journal, 20 August 1998

David Whetstone, ‘Message Lost in Translation’, The Journal, 10 September 1998